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Selasa, 21 April 2015

BAHASA INGGRIS BISNIS 2: "Adverb Vs Adjectives and Degree Of Comparisson"

Adverb Vs Adjectives

An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, other adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause or sentence. Adverbs typically express manner, place, time, frequency, degree, level of certainty, etc. Answering questions such as how, in what way, when, where and to what extent. This function is called the adverbial function, and may be realised by single words (adverbs) or by multi-word expressions (adverbial phrases and adverbial clauses).
Type Of  Adverb:
1.     Simple adverb
2.     Interrogative adverb
3.     Relative adverb

Adjective is a word used to describe a noun or pronoun that can be a person (person), where (place), animal (animal), objects or abstract concepts. English adjective is one of the eight parts of speech.
Type Of Adjectives:
1.      Proper adjective
2.      Descriptive adjective
3.      Quantitative adjective
4.      Numeral adjective
5.      Demonstrative adjective
6.      Distributive adjective

The Difference Of Adverb and Adjective
1.     An adjective tells us more about a noun.
Example: an expensive car, a clever girl
2.     An adverb tells us more about a verb.
Example: He talked nervously. 

Degree Of Comparisson

When adjectives and adverbs are used in comparisons, they take differnt forms. The form an adjective or adverb takes depends on how many things are being compared. The different forms of comparison are called degrees of comparison.

1.     Possitive Degree
Of an adjective in comparison is the adjective in its simple form. It is used to denote the more existence of some quality of what we speak about. It is used when no comparison is made.

                                                   as + adjective (kata sifat) + as
                                                   not so + adjective (kata sifat) + as
                                                   the same + noun (kata benda) + as

Note :
Using not so  only to sentence negative, and as can in use to sentence positive, negative and interrogative.
a)     Degree of Equality
Positive degree is used to compare two things which are equal in status or same quality.
Note : Here the adjective in positive form is used with conjuction;
as + adjective + as
Example :
A grape is as delicious as a banana.
Ayu is as pretty as Tina.
Dimas is as big as Leo.
Diamond is as expensive as  silver.
Siska is as rich as  Ani.

b)     Degree of Inequality
Positive degree is also used to compare two things which are not equal & do not have same status.
Note :  Here the adjective in positive form is joined with the conjunction not so as to express inequality.
Not so+ adjective + as

Example :
Gold is not so useful as Iron.
Hindi is not so difficult as Sanskrit.
The city bus is not so crowded as it was yesterday.

2.     Comparative Degree
Denotes the existence of a higher degree of the quality than the positive. It is used when two things (or two sets of things) are compared.
Note : Here the adjectives of comparative degree are followed by “than”, thus this kind of comparison is called Comparative degree.
Example :
This building is taller than any other building.
Apple is sweeter than orange.
River Nile in Africa is longer than river Ganga in India.
The peaks of Himalayas are higher than any other mountain peaks in India.
Hotel Taj is bigger than Hotel Meridian in Mumbai.

3.     Superlative Degree
Denotes the existence of the highest degree of the quality. It is used when more than two things are compared.
Note : Here the adjective in superlative degree is preceded by the, thus such sentences are said to be in Superlative degree .
Example :
Rose is the most beautiful flower.
Johny is the kindest of all.
Brown is the strongest man of all.
Heri is the most intelligent of the three boys.
Mount  Everest is the highest peak in the world.


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